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서브 콘텐츠 시작

현재 페이지 위치

  • Living in Korea
  • Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Child education
  • Pregnancy and Childcare

Pregnancy and Childcare

Infant Health Management

Children go through rapid physical development during infancy and can easily contract diseases due to a significant drop in the immunity acquired from their mother. Infants can obtain healthcare and essential vaccinations for free at public health centers.

Stages of Infant Development


3kg at birth, 6kg after 6 months, 9 kg after a year


50cm at birth, 75cm after a year

Physical Development

The development of an infant's body between the fourth and twelfth month after birth.
4 months Can control head and can twist from side to side while lying down
5 months Can turn over (from stomach to back)
6 months Can turn from back to stomach and can push up with both arms while lying flat
7 months Can sit with assistance
8 months Can sit without assistance
9 months Crawls
10 months Can stand up with support (e.g. furniture)
12 months Can walk with support

Useful Information

Childcare conflict

In raising a child, you may experience conflict with family members due to differences in opinions on childrearing. These conflicts are common between parents-in-law and young couples. Talk through the conflict with your parents-in-law.

Examples of conflicts
  • Feed when the child is hungry. ↔ Feed at regular times.
  • Feed a lot, even if the child becomes chubby. ↔ Always feed the correct amount.
  • Carry child on your back if he or she cries. ↔ Carrying the child on your back turns into a bad habit.
  • Feeding cold milk makes the stomach stronger. ↔ Cold food irritates the stomach.


Vaccinations protect your baby from communicable diseases by developing the baby's immunity.

Precautions before Vaccination

  • Make sure vaccinations are received before noon, as this will make it easier to return to the hospital if there are any complications.
  • Take your infant-diary with you. You must keep track of the vaccines your baby has received.
  • Make sure that your child does not have a fever prior to vaccination.
  • Give your child a bath, and put him or her in clean clothes before visiting the doctor.
  • Make sure the child’s primary caregiver takes the child for his/her vaccination.

Precautions after Vaccination

  • Rub the vaccinated area for more than 5 minutes, so that the vaccine spreads throughout the body.
  • Do not give the child a bath after he or she is vaccinated.
  • Keep the vaccinated area clean.
  • Observe the child for 3 hours after the vaccination to check for any complications.
  • If the child develops a fever or experiences convulsions after being vaccinated, return to the doctor immediately.

National Vaccination Support for Children

National Vaccination Support Program for Children

To prevent infectious diseases, the government supports the cost for national vaccination to children who are less than 12 years old.

Supported Target
  • Target: Children under the age of 12
  • Free vaccination centers: Public health centers and designated healthcare organizations

    Children with resident registration numbers and alien registration numbers (including exemptions) are qualified to receive free vaccinations at public health centers or the nearest designated healthcare organization. Foreigners who stayed in Korea for more than 3 months and have not registered as aliens can also get free vaccinations at public health centers if they present documents (passports) proving their personal identity at public health centers and receive identity numbers for vaccinations.

    For designated healthcare organizations, please visit the website of the National Inoculation Program ( → Vaccination management for my child → Find medical institution

Immunization Schedule for Children(Birth~15 months)
어린이 표준예방접종 일정 : 출생~15개월까지의 전염병, 백신종류 및 방법을 설명하는 표입니다.
Supported infectious diseases Types of vaccines Number of vaccinations Birth 1 month 2 month 4 month 6 month 12 month 15 month
Tuberculosis BCG (intradermal) 11st time      
Hepatitis B HepB 31st time2nd time  3rd time  
Diphtheria・tetanus・pertussis DTaP 5  1st time2nd time3rd time 4th time
Tdap/Td 1       
Poliomyelitis IPV 4  1st time2nd time3rd time
Haemophilus influenzae type b Hib 4  1st time2nd time3rd time4th time
Pneumococcus PCV 4  1st time2nd time3rd time4th time
PPSV -       
Measles・Mumps・Rubella MMR 2     1st time
Varicella VAR 1     1st time
Hepatitis A HepA 2     1st to 2nd time
Japanese encephalitis JE (Inactive vaccine) 5     1st to 3rd time
JE (Attenuated live vaccine) 2     1st to 2nd time
Human papillomavirus infection HPV 2       
Influenza IIV -    Every year
Immunization Schedule for Children(18 months~12 years)
어린이 표준예방접종 일정 : 18개월~만12세까지의 전염병, 백신종류 및 방법을 설명하는 표입니다.
Supported infectious diseases Types of vaccines Number of vaccinations 18 months 19~24 months 24~36 months 4 years 6 years 11 years 12 years
Tuberculosis BCG (intradermal) 1       
Hepatitis B HepB 3       
Diphtheria・tetanus・pertussis DTaP 54th time  5th time  
Tdap/Td 1     6th time
Poliomyelitis IPV 43rd time  4th time  
Haemophilus influenzae type b Hib 4       
Pneumococcus PCV 4       
PPSV -  Only for high-risk groups
Measles・Mumps・Rubella MMR 2   2nd time  
Varicella VAR 1       
Hepatitis A HepA 21st to 2nd time    
Japanese encephalitis JE (Inactive vaccine) 51st to 3rd time 4th time 5th time
JE (Attenuated live vaccine) 21st to 2nd time    
Human papillomavirus infection HPV 2      1st to 2nd time
Influenza IIV -Every year

* DTaP, IPV, and Hib vaccines can be inoculated with DTaP-IPV mixed vaccine or DTaP-IPV/Hib mixed vaccine according to the inoculation schedule

Some vaccines can be inoculated on later dates after consulting with a doctor when the recommended schedule is delayed

Immunization Schedule for Children
Immunization Schedule for Children
Other vaccination services
  • Vaccination history

    You can check your child’s vaccination history on the National Inoculation Program website or mobile application.

  • Guidance for next vaccination

    When you agree to get text messages to help you remember your child’s next vaccination, you can get text services in advance for the child’s next vaccination according to the schedule. When the vaccination is delayed from the recommended period, you can get the text service to be informed about it.

  • Free issuance of vaccination certificate

    When you apply for a vaccination certificate at the National Inoculation Program website, you can print out the free online certificate through Minwon24.

    You can find more information related to vaccination on the National Inoculation Program (

Project to Prevent Newborn Babies from Having Hepatitis B in the Perinatal Period

This program prevents newborn babies whose mothers have Hepatitis B from acquiring Hepatitis B. All expenses necessary for protective inoculations of immunoglobulin and Hepatitis B, antigen, and antibody tests are covered for newborn babies.

Eligibility and Application
  • Eligibility: newborns of mothers who are positive of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)
  • Test results of Hepatitis B must be submitted to medical institution where she gave birth to receive program information. The Agreement for Personal Information Collection must be signed and submitted in order to receive the free vaccination and medical examinations.
Vaccination and Schedule
  • (Immediately after birth (within 12 hours)) Immunoglobulin and first Hepatitis B vaccination
  • (Between 1 and 6 months of age) 2nd and 3rd Hepatitis B vaccinations
  • (Between 9 months and 15 months) first antigen and antibody test of Hepatitis B

    Depending on the initial results, re-vaccination and re-inspection may be required (all expenses will be supported)

    Total of 4 vaccinations are given to premature infants born at less than 37 weeks of pregnancy with a birth weight less than 2kg (at birth, 1month, 2months, and 6months)