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  • Living in Korea
  • Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Child education
  • Pregnancy and Childcare

Pregnancy and Childcare

Infant Health Management

Children go through rapid physical development during infancy and can easily contract diseases due to a significant drop in the immunity acquired from their mother. Infants can obtain healthcare and essential vaccinations for free at public health centers.

Stages of Infant Development

Weight

3kg at birth, 6kg after 6 months, 9 kg after a year

Height

50cm at birth, 75cm after a year

Physical Development

The development of an infant's body between the fourth and twelfth month after birth.
4 months Can control head and can twist from side to side while lying down
5 months Can turn over (from stomach to back)
6 months Can turn from back to stomach and can push up with both arms while lying flat
7 months Can sit with assistance
8 months Can sit without assistance
9 months Crawls
10 months Can stand up with support (e.g. furniture)
12 months Can walk with support

Useful Information

Childcare conflict

In raising a child, you may experience conflict with family members due to differences in opinions on childrearing. These conflicts are common between parents-in-law and young couples. Talk through the conflict with your parents-in-law.

Examples of conflicts
  • Feed when the child is hungry. ↔ Feed at regular times.
  • Feed a lot, even if the child becomes chubby. ↔ Always feed the correct amount.
  • Carry child on your back if he or she cries. ↔ Carrying the child on your back turns into a bad habit.
  • Feeding cold milk makes the stomach stronger. ↔ Cold food irritates the stomach.

Vaccinations

Vaccinations protect your baby from communicable diseases by developing the baby's immunity.

Precautions before Vaccination

  • Make sure vaccinations are received before noon, as this will make it easier to return to the hospital if there are any complications.
  • Take your infant-diary with you. You must keep track of the vaccines your baby has received.
  • Make sure that your child does not have a fever prior to vaccination.
  • Give your child a bath, and put him or her in clean clothes before visiting the doctor.
  • Make sure the child’s primary caregiver takes the child for his/her vaccination.

Precautions after Vaccination

  • Rub the vaccinated area for more than 5 minutes, so that the vaccine spreads throughout the body.
  • Do not give the child a bath after he or she is vaccinated.
  • Keep the vaccinated area clean.
  • Observe the child for 3 hours after the vaccination to check for any complications.
  • If the child develops a fever or experiences convulsions after being vaccinated, return to the doctor immediately.

Types of vaccines, inoculation schedule, and frequency

Nation vaccination(0month~15month)
A chart showing the types of vaccination mandated for administration in children between the ages of 0 and 15 months.
Targeted
communicable disease
Vaccine 0month 1month 2month 4month 6month 12month 15month
Tuberculosis BCG
(Intradermal)
Once      
Hepatitis B HepB 1st2nd  3rd  
Diphtheria,
tetanus,
pertussis
DTaP   1st2nd3rd Additional 4th
Td/Tdap        
Polio IPV(Inactive vaccine)   1st2nd3rd  
Haemophilus
influenza
type b: Hib
PRP-T/HbOC   1st2nd3rdAdditional 4th
PRP-OMP   1st2nd Additional 3th
Measles, epidemic mumps, German measles MMR      1st
Chicken pox Var      Once
Japanese
encephalitis
JEV(Inactive vaccine)      1st – 3rd
JEV(Live vaccine)      1st – 2nd
Influenza Flu(Inactive vaccine)     Annually
Flu(Live vaccine)        
Typhoid fever For injection        
Types of mandatory vaccinations and frequencies
A chart showing the types of vaccination mandated for administration in children between the ages of 18 months and 12 years.
Targeted
communicable disease
Vaccine 18
month
24
month
36
month
4years
old
6years
old
11years old 12years old
Tuberculosis BCG
(Intradermal)
       
Hepatitis B HepB        
Diphtheria,
tetanus,
pertussis
Dtab Additional 4th  Additional 5th  
Td/Tdap      Additional 6th
Polio IPV(Inactive vaccine)    Additional 4th  
Haemophilus influenza
type b: Hib
PRP-T/HbOC        
PRP-OMP        
Measles, epidemic mumps, German measles MMR    2nd  
Chicken pox Var        
Japanese
encephalitis
JEV(Inactive vaccine) 1st – 3rd Additional 4th Additional 5th
JEV(Live vaccine) 1st – 2nd    
Influenza Flu(Inactive vaccine) Annually   
Flu(Live vaccine)  Annually   
Typhoid fever For injection  High-risk groups only
Types of other vaccinations and frequencies
A chart showing the types of vaccination mandated for children between the ages of 0 and 15 months.
Targeted
communicable disease
Vaccine 0
months
1
months
2
months
4
months
6
months
12
months
15
months
Tuberculosis BCG
(Transcutaneous)
Once      
Pneumonia due to streptococcus pneumonia PVC(Protein combination )   1st2nd3rd  
PPSV(Polysaccharide)        
Rotavirus Rotavirus(Rotarix)   1st2nd   
Rotavirus(Rotateq)   1st2nd3rd  
Hepatitis A HepA      1st – 2nd
Papillomavirus HPV(Gardasil)        
HPV(Cervarix)        
Types of other vaccinations and frequencies
A chart showing the types of vaccination mandated for children between the ages of 18 months and 12 years.
Targeted
communicable disease
Vaccine 18
month
24
month
36
month
4years
old
6years
old
11years old 12years old
Tuberculosis BCG
(Transcutaneous)
       
Pneumonia due to streptococcus pneumonia PVC(Protein combination)        
PPSV(Polysaccharide)  High-risk groups only
Rotavirus Rotavirus(Rotarix)        
Rotavirus(Rotateq)        
Hepatitis A HepA 1st – 2nd    
Papillomavirus HPV(Gardasil)       1st – 3rd
HPV(Cervarix)       1st – 3rd

For those who have deviated from the standard vaccination schedule (delay or failure to receive vaccination),a different vaccination schedule may be applied. For details, please contact your local public health center,clinic, or hospital.

National Vaccination Support for Children

National Vaccination Support Program for Children

For the healthy growth of infants and children, the government subsidizes national vaccinations (15vaccines) for newborns and children under the age of 12. Children with resident registration numbers and alien registration numbers (including exemptions) are qualified to receive free vaccinations at public health centers or the nearest designated healthcare organization. Foreigners who have not registered as aliens can also get free vaccinations at public health centers if they present documents (passports) proving their personal identity at public health centers and receive identity numbers for vaccinations.

For more information, please visit the website of the National Inoculation Program (http://nip.cdc.go.kr) → Vaccination management for my child → Find medical institution

Supported vaccines (15 types of national vaccinations)

BCG (Intradermal), Hepatitis B, DTaP (Diphtheria/ Tetanus/ Pertussis), IPV (Poliomyelitis), DTaP-IPV (Diphtheria/ Tetanus/ Pertussis/ Poliomyelitis), MMR (Measles/ Mumps/ Rubella), Varicella, Japanese encephalitis (inactive vaccine and live vaccine), Td (Tetanus/ Diphtheria), Tdap (Tetanus/ Diphtheria/ Pertussis), Hib (Haemophilus influenza type B), Pneumococcus, Hepatitis A, HPV (Human papillomavirus)

As for some vaccines, support age group is different.

  • Hepatitis A: newborns after Jan. 2012
  • Hib (Haemophilus influenza type b), Diplococcus pneumoniae: until 59 months after birth
  • HPV (Human papillomavirus): baby girls born between Jan. 1, 2004 and Dec. 31, 2005

    Expenses for the second dose in 2017 for baby girls born in 2013 who were vaccinated with the first dose in 2016 will be covered by the government


Project to Prevent Newborn Babies from Having Hepatitis B in the Perinatal Period

This program prevents newborn babies whose mothers have Hepatitis B from acquiring Hepatitis B. All expenses necessary for protective inoculations of immunoglobulin and Hepatitis B, antigen, and antibody tests are covered for newborn babies

Eligibility and Application
  • Eligibility: newborns of mothers positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)
  • Test results must be submitted to maternity institutions to receive program information. The Agreement for Personal Information Collection must be signed and submitted in order to receive the free vaccination and examination.
Vaccines and Schedule
  • (Immediately after birth (within 12 hours)) Immunoglobulin and first Hepatitis B vaccination
  • (Between 1 and 6 months of age) 2nd and 3rd Hepatitis B vaccinations
  • (Between 9 months and 15 months) first antigen and antibody test of Hepatitis B

    Depending on the initial results, re-vaccination and re-inspection may be required (full support)

    A total of 4 doses of the vaccination are given to preterm infants born at less than 37 weeks of pregnancy with a birth weight less than 2kg (at month 0, 1, 2, 6)

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